Propagation

How to Propagate Spider Plants

Spider Plants (Chlorophytum comosumi) are definitely one of the easiest plants to propagate if you have a strong and mature mother plant.

How to Propagate Spider Plants

Spider Plants (Chlorophytum comosumi) are definitely one of the easiest plants to propagate if you have a strong and mature mother plant. There are two main methods you can use to propagate a Spider Plant and we will guide you through each of them in this post, including the step by step guide, tools you will need and advantages of each method. You will come away knowing everything you need to make your Spider Plant propagation a success. 

Why propagate a Spider Plant?

Before we get started you might be wondering why it’s beneficial to propagate a Spider Plant? Well here are a few good reasons:

 

  • 1

    Create more plants for free!

    Propagating your Spider Plant will multiply your plant collection without needing to spend any more money! They also make great gifts for friends and family if you have enough greenery in your home already. 

  • 2

    Save a dying Spider Plant.

    If you have accidentally overwatered, over-fertilised or mistreated your Spider Plant and is feeling neglected or looking as though it is dying, sometimes the best way to save the whole plant is by taking the healthy parts of the plant and propagating them to form new plants. 

  • 3

    To make your Spider Plant fit its environment.

    If your Spider Plant has become too big for your space or propagating the plant is a great way to stop cuttings from going to waste. 

What tools will I need to propagate my Spider Plant?

Let’s start off with the easy part. It’s important to make sure you have all the things you need before taking any cuttings.

 

  • Healthy and mature Spider Plant 

  • Clean, sharp scissors/shears

  • Spare pot(s) with and without drainage holes

  • Fresh soil and water

  • Newspaper or plastic sheet if propagating indoors

  • Rooting hormone (optional)

  • Gardening gloves (recommended)

Propagate a Spider Plant with spiderette cuttings

This is a nice and easy way to propagate Spider Plants once the mother plant is mature enough to produce spiderettes. Spider Plants will only produce spider babies if given the right care and are in the ideal environment.

 

  • 1

    Check the growth of any Spiderettes

    You will only be able to successfully propagate Spider Plant babies if they have some roots growing. If propagated too early, there is a risk that the spiderettes won’t root quick enough and the cuttings will wilt. If the roots are an inch long, they are ready to be separated from the main plant.

  • 2

    Make the cut

    Using sharp scissors or shears, cut off the spiderette from the main plant. We always try to propagate a few spiderettes at a time to increase the chance of getting a few successful growers.

  • 3

    Choose how you will grow your spiderette

    Here you have two options; soil or water. We tend to always go with propagation in water as you can keep an eye on roots that are forming and it is easy to change out the water every few days. Make sure that the water is fully covering the roots, but not the whole spiderette as the leaves may start to rot.

    However, you can also have success with potting them directly into soil if you give them the right care and attention and the roots are long enough.

  • 4

    Pick your location

    Once you have popped your Spider Plant cuttings in water or well-draining soil, it’s time to give them a home. You want to choose somewhere that gets a good amount of sunlight each day to maximise growth. However, be careful about too much direct light as it can lead to leaf burn which you want to steer clear of as it can damage your delicate cutting.

  • 5

    Switch out the water regularly

    If you have chosen to pot your Spiderettes in water, make sure you change the water out completely every 2-3 days. This will stop the water from stagnating and bacteria growing. If you have pot your cuttings in soil, continue your usual Spider Plant care. Water every few days and keep an eye on any drainage issues that may be occurring.

  • 6

    Be patient!

    We tend to forget a little bit about this step. In all the excitement that comes along with propagating Spider Plants, we sometimes get a little disappointed when we don’t see any new roots or leaves pop out straight away. But just because there isn’t any new growth happening immediately, it does not mean your propagation has been unsuccessful. It may take a week or so for new growth to appear! So just take care of your spiderette and keep an eye on it.

  • 7

    Repot your cuttings into something bigger

    So you have slaved away changing out the water on your new Spider Plant cuttings and finally, they are thriving and growing plenty of new strong roots! Once the roots are about 5-7cm it may be time to repot your cuttings.

  • 8

    Enjoy your new Spider Plants

    Whether it becomes a gift for someone or the new focal point of a room, your new Spider Plant should now be a grown-up and may even someday become a mother of its own to new spider babies.

Positives of propagating your Spider Plant through cuttings 

  • This method has a high level of success!
  • You are taking baby Spider Plants rather than taking a chunk off the mother plant so there is no risk of shocking your mature plant. 

 

Negatives of propagating your Spider Plant through cuttings

  • This method only works for mature plant parents that have grown spiderettes. 

Propagate a Spider Plant through division of the mother plant

This method of propagation only really works if your Spider Plant is quite bushy and you don’t mind taking part of it to form a whole new plant. But if you do have a big enough Spider Plant with various sections, then this method is great for those who don’t want to wait for weeks/months for roots and new leaves to grow. With the division method, you get new plants instantly!!

 

  • 1

    Take your plant out of the pot

    To be able to propagate your Spider Plant through division, you need to locate the various natural offshoots of the plant and separate them out. The first step is to carefully lift your plant out of its pot, trying not to damage the leaves or root system. 

  • 2

    Locate the various natural divisions

    When looking for a part of the plant to divide it will become very obvious if there are various different offshoots that make up your Spider Plant. Carefully shake the root system to loosen the soil so you can see the root system clearly. Don’t worry if a few roots break during this process as it won’t harm your plant.

  • 3

    Separate out into sections 

    You may have to trim off the odd root to detangle the plant but with a little gentle tugging, you should be able to pull the sections apart to form individual plants. If your plant only has one offshoot you can use a clean knife to slice this section in half. Just make sure that each part has a good amount of the root system to help propagation be successful!

  • 4

    Place each section in fresh potting mix

    Pop your mother Spider Plant back into its original pot (or downsize slightly if you have taken away a substantial amount of the original plant). Then pot your new Spider Plant(s) into fresh potting mix. Make sure not to reuse old potting mix from other plants as this can really easily transfer pets or bacteria without you even realising! 

    If the roots on any of your sections aren’t very mature you may want to grow them in water for a few weeks. 

  • 5

    Continue normal Spider Plant care

    That’s it – your Spider Plant propagation is complete! Now your various Spider Plants are safely in their new homes you want to resume normal care.

Positives of propagating your Spider Plant through division

  • It has the highest chance of success as each of the sections already has an established root system.
  • You don’t need to wait months on end for it to form a new mother plant, this method is instant and requires no patience. 

 

Negatives of propagating your Spider Plant through division 

  • This method only works for plant parents with really big and bushy plants so won’t be suitable for less mature plants.

Spider Plant Propagation FAQs

Here’s some answers to the most common questions we get on this subject, hopefully something here can help!

Common problems when propagating Spider Plants

Propagating plants doesn’t always have a 100% success rate and you may encounter some problems along the way. But don’t worry, below we have all the main problems you may face when propagating your Spider Plant so you can figure out what is causing these problems to arise and hopefully solve them before it kills your plant cuttings.

We hope you have found this guide to propagating Spider Plants useful. It’s never an exact science and sometimes you have to just sit back and wait. However, with the right care and the right environment, you shouldn’t run into too many problems.

Check out our full Spider Plant Care Guide that has all the information on how to continue care for your cuttings once they have matured.

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